Hernández L., Romero J. y Bracho N. 2005. Tesis Básicas del Racionalismo Crítico. Cinta moebio 23: 193-203

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Critical Rationalism Basic Thesis

Lissette Hernández Fernández (lissettehf@yahoo.es). Magíster en Economía. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales. Universidad del Zulia (LUZ) (Venezuela).
Jenny Romero Borre. Magíster en Gerencia de Empresas. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales. Universidad del Zulia (LUZ) (Venezuela).
Neida Bracho Rincón. Magíster en Economía. Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Sociales. Universidad del Zulia (LUZ) (Venezuela).


Abstract

The present article examines some contemporary ideas on the scientific method enrolled in the "Critical Rationalism" school. In this sense, they emphasize the expositions proposed by Karl Popper; as well as the later contributions made by its followers: Kuhn, Lakatos and Feyerabend, among others. It is advisable to stand out that the positions of these philosophers are not absolutely coincident between them; nevertheless, in essence, their elementary proposals keep certain correspondence, which allows them to be identified within this approach of the scientific research. The analysis was oriented to define the theoretical foundations developed by these philosophers for the epistemologic discussion, and the study of the controversial and coincidental aspects between them. Finally, the conclusions stand out the complex structure of the research programs postulated by Lakatos, like the rigid popperian ahistorical rationalism, that resists with the relativism and the central interest in the history of Kuhn, but on the other hand has many meeting points with the anarchical position and the absence of method proclaimed by Feyerabend.

Key words: critical rationalism, falsability, research programs.

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Cinta de Moebio
Revista de EpistemologĂ­a de Ciencias Sociales
ISSN 0717-554X