Cinta de Moebio: Revista de Epistemología de Ciencias Sociales

González, R (2016) Dos criterios para la presencia de estados mentales: Descartes y Turing. Cinta moebio 56: 121-135. doi: 10.4067/S0717-554X2016000200004


Two criteria for the existence of mental states: Descartes and Turing

Rodrigo González ( Departamento de Filosofía, Universidad de Chile (Santiago, Chile) ORCID: 0000-0001-9693-0541


This article examines two criteria for the existence of mental states, namely, Descartes and Turing’s. While the former holds that machines can’t think in principle, the latter is an advocate of machine intelligence. Despite this, both views seem to be similar in relation to how mental states are judged to exist. Even though this is expected from Descartes’ rationalism, it seems surprising in Turing’s functionalism. Indeed, no interpreter of the Imitation Game acknowledges that the interrogators can’t be replaced and, further, that such interrogators apply an internist criterion to judge whether they are in presence of a mind or a machine. This issue, which involves an internist approach to the mind, makes the Turing Test difficult for a machine. For this reason, I conclude that Turing’s test is not only unable to replace the question: can a machine think? In addition, it dramatically shifts the focus of the debate onto the philosophy of mind.

Key words: Descartes, Turing, mind, internism, functionalism.

Home | Indice | Números Completos | Instrucción para Autores
Cinta de Moebio
Revista de Epistemología de Ciencias Sociales
ISSN 0717-554X