Cinta de Moebio: Revista de Epistemología de Ciencias Sociales

Fuente-Alba, F. (2018) Una epistemología del género documental para la memoria social en Chile. Cinta moebio 61: 12-27. doi: 10.4067/S0717-554X2018000100012


An epistemology of documentary genre for social memory in Chile

Fernando Fuente-Alba ( Facultad de Comunicación, Historia y Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción (Concepción, Chile) ORCID: 0000-0002-4316-5097

Oscar Basulto-Gallegos ( Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de Concepción (Concepción, Chile) ORCID: 0000-0001-8323-1098


The article, through a theoretical-epistemic and historical effort, seeks to account for the relevance of the audio-visual documentary genre, as a reference in the construction of reality and social memory, focusing specifically on the development of documentary in Chile. For this, it is argued about the problems that the identification of this type of audio-visual realizations entails, and once this question is settled, it is alluded to the revitalizing force that it achieves as a reflection of a society, its reconstruction of the past, its valorisation of the present and its projection with vision of the future. That is, the documentary as a possibility to intervene in what we perceive as real, being necessary to deepen some notions as truth; objectivity and subjectivity; reality and social memory, among other important issues. All this historical and epistemological journey is supported in phenomenology and hermeneutics, by virtue of investigating the documentary genre from the Chilean experience.

Key words: documentary, truth, reality, memory, history.

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Cinta de Moebio
Revista de Epistemología de Ciencias Sociales
ISSN 0717-554X